I have about half of my data and I have begun to analyze it. It seems that students are more engaged and the data that supports this is on the IXL analytics page that I can see as a teacher. The time that students are on the program and the amount of problems that they attempt is greater than the paper Math Review data. In the final research paper, I will show the comparisons of the two. I am nervous in putting all the data together in a professional manner but I am sure I will be able to do it in a manner that gives important information to other teachers.

# Learning Design and Technology M.Ed.

This blog is to inform my classmates and professors of my reflections, classwork, and projects for my courses in completion of M.Ed. in Educational Technology. I have two courses so please scroll down to find the blog posts that you are looking for.

## November 12, 2017

### EDET 636 Impact of Tech Week 9 Blog

EDET 636 Impact of
Student Technology

Week 9 Blog

**Essential Question: How will you go about making sense of your data?**

In order to
make sense of my data, I will start analyzing data as it is being collected
instead of waiting till the research project is finished to analyze the data.
As the data is being analyzed, I will look for themes or categories that are
created through organizing the data. These themes should begin to answer the
essential questions of the action research. (Merriam & Tisdell, 2016) As I
am collecting data, I will end up using this data to help direct my next move
in the research. For example, my students took their first IXL assessment to
test whether or not they are retaining the skills that they have learned
through this method of RTI via an online component and the data directed me to use
a different approach to the online RTI. I decided to require students to have a
notebook while working on IXL. The first two minutes we would write notes on
the math skill we are working on and then the students would write down each
problem that they are solving on the computer. This method was decided because
of analyzing data right away and next week, I will be able to analyze this data
after the second IXL assessment.

The other
data that I will need to try and make sense of is the qualitative data from
student surveys of the two methods of RTI, online IXL and paper Math Review. The
data will be collected through Google Forms and there are ways through this
method to analyze the data. Graphs can be created especially if there are given
options as answers to questions. The data can be exported to Excel of which can
be used to create various visuals for the data. Hsu and Wang have used Google
Forms to collect data for a classroom activity and they found that students
have a great insight of data. (2017) With this said, I would like to present
the data that I get from students and ask them to help me analyze. This gives
students a chance to engage in the research. It seems like other teachers in
our class has had success when the students are aware of the action research.

Resources:

Hsu, H., &
Wang, S. (2017). Using Google Forms to collect and analyze data.

*Science Scope*, (8). 64.
Merriam, S. B.
& Tisdell, E. J. (2016).

*Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation.*San Franciso, CA. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.## October 28, 2017

### EDET 636 Impact of Tech Week 8 Blog

EDET 636 Impact of
Technology on Students

Week 8 Blog

**Essential Question: How can data mining assist you in triangulating your research findings?**

Data mining
is a method of research that finds useful types of data and looks at the
patterns in the data to produce useful knowledge. Ma and Capri share that the
techniques of research and interpreting data included in data mining are
“decision trees, neural networks, rule induction, machine learning, and graphic
visualization.” (2014, pg. vii) Martínez and López say that data mining
requires a large amount of data “to extract the relationship between
variables.” (2017, pg.41) With this said, I don’t know if I will be able to use
data mining in my research because I will not be able to produce enough data
and with the research I have done, I can’t find data this is directly connected
to my action research.

Through an
example of research done in Mexico that required the use of data mining
presented by Martínez and López, I can dismiss the variables of student
engagement that are the least explanatory. Then I identify what variable might
affect the student engagement and mess with the variables underneath that and
see what patterns that I find. This should be repeated with every variable at
the higher level. When it is all repeated and finished, then I look at what set
of variables have a higher correlation of a positive impact on student
engagement. (2017, pg.45)

UPDATE: I
have been collecting data through the IXL math program. It provides the amount
of time in each skill and the amount of questions answered correctly and
incorrectly. I have not given an assessment of the topics learned yet but I
will be doing this next week. This will test the retaining of skills being
learned through the program. With the data collected so far, I have seen more
engagement in the Math Review but not as strong of understanding the concepts.
Next week, after the assessment, I will be changing the format of this online
RTI by providing a mini-lesson before and after the time allotted.

Resources:

Ma, X., &
Capri, H. L. (2014).

*Data Mining : Principles, Applications and Emerging Challenges*. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Martínez Abad,
F., & López, A. C. (2017). Data-mining techniques in detecting factors
linked to academic achievement.

*School Effectiveness And School Improvement*,*28*(1), 39-55. doi:10.1080/09243453.2016.1235591## October 22, 2017

### EDET 636 Impact of Tech Week 7 Reflection

Gerald gave me a great source to have non-biased questions and observations in research of mathematic classrooms. I looked at the resource he provided and I think I can get better questions that have no bias that is connected to the engagement of students in the mathematics classroom.

It seemed with Gerald, myself, and Josie that unbiased opinions in observations is very important for us when observing students. I am interested in seeing how my classmates overcome the bias that we have as teachers when we are implementing our action research.

This week I was able to catch up on the material of the classroom. I got a few weeks behind. I look forward to implementing my action research plan. Actually I have begun with my beginning survey of how students feel about Math Review (RTI) especially when it comes to engagement of students. I collected the data of assessments to see if students are retaining the skills. The students also have begun working on IXL for RTI mid last week so that I can begin seeing students interact with the program. So far, I have good feedback from the students and from the program.

It seemed with Gerald, myself, and Josie that unbiased opinions in observations is very important for us when observing students. I am interested in seeing how my classmates overcome the bias that we have as teachers when we are implementing our action research.

This week I was able to catch up on the material of the classroom. I got a few weeks behind. I look forward to implementing my action research plan. Actually I have begun with my beginning survey of how students feel about Math Review (RTI) especially when it comes to engagement of students. I collected the data of assessments to see if students are retaining the skills. The students also have begun working on IXL for RTI mid last week so that I can begin seeing students interact with the program. So far, I have good feedback from the students and from the program.

## October 21, 2017

### EDET 636 Impact of Tech Week 7 Blog

EDET 636 Impact of
Technology on Student Learning

Week 7 Blog

**Essential Question: What are the most important things to remember when observing your students?**

What I find
as the most important thing to remember when observing my students is the fact that
I will affect the settings of the observation because I am involved with the
research and not a third party. This means that I will need to step away
(metaphorically) from the class by disengaging so that I can have an accurate
observation. This potentially might look like taking video of the class and
then watching it later so that I can record what I see accurately and still be
able to teach the class. In the observation of a social setting, the observer
needs to take note of the aspects connected to the theoretical framework, the
essential question, and the problem. (Merriam & Tisdell, 2016) These
aspects might be the social setting, the physical environment, people in the
setting, events, time, individual behavior, activities, interactive patterns, language,
non-verbal communication, culture, goals, and human needs. (Whitehead, 2006,
pg. 7-8)

Resources:

Merriam, S. B.
& Tisdell, E. J. (2016).

*Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation.*San Franciso, CA. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Piktochart http://piktochart.com/

Whitehead, T. L.
(2006).

*Workbook for Descriptive Observations of Social Settings.*Ethnographically Informed Community and Cultural Assessment Research Systems Workbooks. Retrieved from http://www.cusag.umd.edu/documents/WorkingPapers/SocSettings_Events_Act_Wrkbk.pdf### EDET 636 Impact on Tech Week 6 Blog

EDET 636 Impact of
Technology on Students

Week 6 Blog

**Essential Question: What are the most important things to remember in conducting interviews?**

When
conducting interviews with intentions to obtain qualitative research data from
students, we need to be careful with what questions we ask. If we are seeking
for a formal interview and precise answers to questions, we will need to have
questions prepared ahead of time. If we are seeking for more fluid information
from the interviewee, we will prepare questions that can be followed up with
another question that addresses the answer of the original. For my own
interviewing process that will be done in my action research, I will be taking
a semi structured method of interviewing by having more or less structured
questions and providing flexibility in the questions. (Merriam & Tisdell,
2016)

As the
interviewer, we need to be mindful of how the person we are interviewing feels
during the interview. If the person (student) is uncomfortable or feels
attacked then the data being collected will not be accurate for the research.
The interviewer needs to be respectful, encouraging, nonjudgmental, and
nonthreatening when asking questions of all nature. (Merriam & Tisdell,
2016) People are more willing to share their thoughts and feelings with
interviewers who are considerate, interested, and sympathetic to them.

Another
thing to keep in mind when conducting interviews and recording the data is that
sometimes the responses that are recorded can be non-verbal responses such as a
heavy sigh that implies stress or a head put down on a desk that implies
boredom or non-engagement. This is important when recording the interview
because it gives more accurate qualitative data that can be provided to the
research.

Resources:

Merriam, S. B.
& Tisdell, E. J. (2016).

*Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation.*San Franciso, CA. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Piktochart http://piktochart.com/

## October 8, 2017

### EDET 636 Impact of Tech Week 5 Reflection

This week I read about how Gerald, Josie, and Erika plan to collect data. Their concerns they have in the collection of data made me reflect a bit more about my own method of data collection. I think I will need to do a bit more research on how to ask proper questions when it comes to collecting qualitative data. The Delphi Method presented in my classmate's post provided a new way to collect this type of data. In my situation I don't necessarily think it will help but having multiple rounds of surveys can potentially provide more accurate and concise data to student learning.

I need to begin my action research either next week or in three weeks so that I have enough time to collect a proper amount of data. I can't wait to change my method and see how it affects student participation/engagement and the retention of basic math skills.

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